The declining balance method is a method used in financial accounting. Depreciation methodwhich provides for higher depreciation amounts at the beginning of an asset's useful life and progressively lower depreciation amounts in subsequent periods. SAP Business One, a holistic enterprise management software, integrates the declining-balance method for the efficient management and depreciation of fixed assets.
Under the declining balance method, depreciation is calculated at a constant percentage rate each year. In the first year, depreciation is based on the acquisition and production costs of the asset, while in subsequent years the residual book value of the attachment serves as the basis for the calculation. A characteristic feature of this method is that it never reaches a residual book value of zero. Therefore, towards the end of the useful life, the system can be converted to linear Depreciation change to allow for full depreciation.
The declining balance method implemented in SAP Business One ensures that the calculated depreciation amount does not exceed a predefined upper limit. This upper limit corresponds to the depreciation amount calculated with the straight-line depreciation method multiplied by a certain factor.
By incorporating the declining-balance method into SAP Business One, companies can organise their asset depreciation efficiently and in compliance with the law. The flexibility to switch between declining balance and straight-line depreciation allows for accurate depreciation of fixed assets over their entire useful life. This helps improve financial reporting and support informed financial decisions.